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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 353-357

Comparative study between different approaches for the management of postdural puncture headache

Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
MD Ahmed H Hassan
Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Sohag University, Sohag 82524
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/roaic.roaic_12_22

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Introduction The postdural puncture headache (PDPH) is one of the spinal and epidural anesthesia complications. It can be induced by using large gauge-cutting needles or performing numerous trials. Conservative treatment was the primary option for the management of PDPH, sphenopalatine ganglion block (SPGB) can be a suitable and safe option for the treatment of PDPH. Aim The aim was to verify the efficacy and safety of transnasal SPGB using either lidocaine 2% or bupivacaine 0.5% as a treatment line for PDPH versus the conventional conservative treatment. Patients and methods In total, 120 patients with PDPH following cesarean section under spinal anesthesia were assigned and divided into three groups. Group L (n=40) received transnasal SPGB (lidocaine 2%), group B (n=40) received transnasal SPGB (bupivacaine 0.5%), and group C (n=40) received conservative treatment for 24 h [intravenous (IV) paracetamol 1 g/8 h]. The headache severity was measured by the visual analog scale (VAS) at 0 min, 30 min, 6 h, 12 h, and 24 h post treatment. Results No significant difference in the VAS from the baseline between the groups L and B was observed. VAS values were significantly lower in both groups when compared with patients in group C (P<0.05). No significant differences from baseline mean blood pressure, heart rate, or other complications (such as bleeding), were observed between the three groups at any timepoint. Conclusion The headache severity in PDPH cases might be reduced more efficiently through SPGB using either lidocaine or bupivacaine, unlike other conservative treatments such as paracetamol.

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