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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 170-177

Comparison between the effects of two enteral nutrition support algorithms on nutrition care outcome in critically ill adult patients

Department of Anesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care, Zagazig University Hospitals, Zagazig, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Ahmed M Mohamed
Department of Anesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care, Zagazig University Hospitals, Zagazig
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/roaic.roaic_71_16

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Background The use of enteral nutrition (EN) algorithm optimizes nutrition by increasing the intake of calories in critically ill patients, but it does not compensate for loss of feeding time due to frequent interruptions as during fasting for operation or investigation.Aims were to compare implementation of enteral feeding support algorithm based on the SCCM/A.S.P.E.N guidelines and modifications to this algorithm (using a protocol that shifted from an hourly rate target goal to a twenty four hour volume goal). Settings and Design Case control study in the surgical ICU of zagazig university hospital. Methods and Material Patients of group1 were given caloric requirements as five bolus meals, patients of group 2 were given Fresubin by continuous infusion with hourly rate target goal and in Group 3 there was a Shift from hourly rate target goal to 24 hour volume goal and metoclopramide 10 mg I.V. q. 6 hours with the start of EN. Results There were statistically significant differences between groups regarding adequacy of caloric intake in 2nd, 3rd days and the overall adequacy of calories in all four days, where Group 2 provided more EN adequacy than Group 1 (P=0.02, 0.001, 0.01) respectively, and Group 3 provided more calories adequacy than Group1in 3rd day and overall adequacy (P=0.008 and 0.007) respectively. Also Patients in Group 2and 3 started accommodating EN earlier and had less episodes of vomiting than patients in group 1, (P value=0.043 and0.003 respectively). Conclusion The use of EN protocol provides more adequacy of calories and proteins from EN in comparison to bolus meals.

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