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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 162-169

Ultrasound-guided pectoral nerve blocks versus serratus intercostal plane block in breast surgeries

1 Department of Anaesthesia and Surgical Intensive Care, Faculty of Medicine, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
2 Department of Anaesthesia, Medical Research Institute, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mariam Deifallah Margany Osman
67 Abd El Mohsen El Hoseny, Sidi Besher, Alexandria 21517
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/roaic.roaic_19_17

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Introduction Analgesia in breast surgeries can be delivered orally, intravenously, intramuscularly, neuroaxially, or using regional nerve blocks. Pectoral nerve block (Pecs) and serratus intercostal plane block (SIPB) are a recently introduced ultrasound-guided technique for providing intraoperative and postoperative analgesia. Aim The aim of the present study was to compare intraoperative and postoperative analgesic effect of Pecs versus SIPB in breast surgeries. Patients and methods The current study was carried out on 60 female patients of American Society of Anaesthesiologists class I or II. The patients were undergoing nonreconstructive breast surgery. The patients were randomly divided into two equal groups. The Pecs group included 30 patients who received ultrasound-guided Pecs with 40 ml of levobupivacaine with adrenaline 1 : 200 000. The SIPB group included 30 patients who received ultrasound-guided SIPB with 40 ml of levobupivacaine with adrenaline 1 : 200 000. After assessing the efficacy of the block using sensory block scale, standard general anesthesia was induced in both groups using intravenous fentanyl (1 µg/kg), propofol (2.5 mg/kg) and cisatracurium (0.15 mg/kg). Results The completion of block was significant shorter in SIPB group than Pecs group. The duration of paresthesia in the SIPB group extended to 8 h postoperatively, whereas in the Pecs group the duration extended to 3 h postoperatively. Visual analog scale at rest and in movement was significantly higher in the Pecs group compared with the SIPB group. The number of patients who received postoperative fentanyl was significantly increased in the Pecs group than in the SIPB group. The first request for postoperative fentanyl was significantly delayed in the SIPB group than in the Pecs group. There was no significant difference in the total dose of fentanyl consumption during 24 h postoperatively between the two groups. Conclusion The present study found that SIPB provided superior postoperative analgesia compared with Pecs in patients undergoing nonreconstructive breast surgeries.

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